Propa-WHAT? The basics of Propagating

propagate

/ˈpräpəˌɡāt/

verb

gerund or present participle: propagating

  1. breed specimens of (a plant or animal) by natural processes from the parent stock.

“try propagating your own houseplants from cuttings”

synonyms: breed, grow, cultivate, generate

(Thanks Google)

In other words, taking 1 plant, and making it multiple plants. Like magic -but with science-! When propagating, you can use a ton of different plant sources, like bulbs, seeds, cuttings and more! It all depends on what kind of plant you’ll be using. We’ll be discussing our favorite ways to propagate and make more plants!

 

CUTTINGS IN SOIL

This is one of the easiest and most popular methods of propagating!

You will need:

  • Pot of soil-less rooting medium
  • Sharp knife
  • Rooting hormone
  • Pen/pencil
  • Small cup
  • Large plastic bag or bell jar

Step 1: Remove Stem

  • Take your knife and remove a stem of the plant. The best area to cut is right below a node

Step 2: Lose the Leaves

  • Leave the top leaves, but any leaves near the soil can be taken off
  • The lower area of your stem will be where the roots grow from
  • If you have a flowering plant, remove any flowers from the cutting, as they will not be beneficial to propagation and could actually stunt the process

Step 3: Get Ready

  • Moisten your rooting medium
  • Use your pen/pencil to make a hole in the root medium, making sure to make the whole larger than the cutting. This ensures the rooting hormone will not get rubbed off in the planting process.
  • Pro-propagating tip: Do NOT dip your cutting into your rooting hormone. This will contaminate the container!

Step 4: Dip It Real Good

  • Pour some rooting hormone into a small cup
  • Dip the end of your cutting (1-1 ½ inches of the stem) into the cup of rooting hormone
  • Gently tap off excess
  • Dispose of excess hormone left in your cup, do not pour it back into the container (remember, contamination=bad!)

Step 5: Stick Cuttings in Soil

  • Place your cutting into the hole created in rooting medium
  • Multiple cuttings can go into one pot but be careful not to crowd! Crowding can cause mold, so when in doubt, remember “Two is company, three is a crowd!”

Step 6: Tuck ‘Em In

  • Press the rooting medium gently around the cutting and make sure they are secure in their new home!
  • Water sparingly -this will also keep them secure in the rooting medium-

Step 7: Bag ‘Em Up

  • Place the entire pot with cuttings inside of a plastic bag or bell jar
  • This will keep the humidity and moisture at the right levels for growth.
  • Pro-propagating tip: if you decide to use a plastic bag, make sure to inflate and seal the bag so no leaves are touching the plastic. This will prevent against mold growth and keep your cuttings happy!
  • Jump for joy! You successfully propagated from cuttings!

 

WATER

Growing” in popularity, propagating plants in water has been featured all over social media and is the choice of many young plant lovers for the pleasing aesthetic of raw plant!

You will need:

  • House plant of choice (We recommend pothos, philodendron, or monstera)
  • Clear mason jar, vase, or glass (the cuter the better for Instagram, right?)
  • Sharp knife
  • Room temperature water

Step 1: Plan of Attack

  • Decide where you’ll be snipping your cutting. Look for the nodes on your plant and cut about an inch or so before it with a clean, sharp knife.

Step 2: Start The Growing Process

  • Place the cutting in your cute glass container
  • Pour the water into the glass, filling it enough to cover all nodes on the cutting
  • Pro-propagating tip: keep the leaves out of the water! This will prevent the plant from growing mold and/or rotting!

Step 3: Maintenance

  • Change out the water every 3-5 days
  • Sit back and relax as you watch your new plants grow roots!

Step 4: Give It a Home

  • When your roots are around 5 inches long, it’s time to plant them!
  • Pick a planter (again, the cuter the better) fill with potting soil, and snuggle your plant into its new home!
  • Wash your hands and give yourself a high five! You just propagated like a pro!